Documentation scienceplus.abes.fr version Bêta

À propos de : http://hub.abes.fr/cairn/periodical/abpo/2007/issue_abpo1144/D33A400BC7BB2F5FE053120B220A4740/w        

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subtitle
  • Les fortifications littorales en Bretagne de 1683 à 1783
Title
  • « Quand l’ennemi venait de la mer »
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Abstract
  • Les grands travaux de fortifications littorales, entamés sous Louis XIV à l’initiative de Vauban, se poursuivent, sous la pression des raids britanniques, selon des formules très classiques au xviii e siècle. À compter du milieu des années 1770, deux zones sont plus particulièrement concernées : Saint-Malo et Brest, où la construction de forts détachés créant un vaste camp retranché en avant de l’enceinte urbaine constitue une innovation majeure dans l’histoire de l’architecture militaire.
  • Brittany, as a frontier province, formed a “forward bastion” of the Kingdom of France, directly opposite England. From the end of the seventeenth century there were numerous British attacks on the province’s islands and merchant towns. Every one of these forty or more assaults was a reminder of how necessary it was to keep the coasts in a state of defence.. The continuing pressure of British raids meant that the works of coastal fortification, begun under Louis XIV and directed by Vauban, were developed throughout the eighteenth century according to the established patterns of military engineering. From the mid 1770s two regions were most directly affected: Saint-Malo and Brest. In the latter case the construction of detached forts created a vast entrenched camp in advance of the city walls, a major innovation in the history of military architecture.
article type
publisher identifier
  • ABPO_1144_0012
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issue section title
  • Des descentes britanniques sur les côtes de l'Ouest aux rapports trans-Manche (XIVe-XIXe siècle)
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